Healthy People 2010
Running Head: HEALTHY PEOPLE 2010
Healthy People 2010
Main Points of Healthy People 2010
“Healthy people 2010” is a health program that was developed in 2000 with the aim of expending on the objective of “Healthy People 2000”. The program is composed of around 28 focus areas that are spread over 467 objectives and two main goals. These goals are to eradicate health disparities and to improve the quality and increase period of healthy life (Vickery, 2010). “Healthy People 2010” is also aimed at tackling up-coming issues such as mental heath and obesity. For instance, since obesity is linked to several other health concerns including diabetes, heart disease, cancer and high blood pressure among others (Healthy People Information Access Project), one of the objectives of “Healthy People 2010” is to endorse health and trim down chronic illnesses associated with weight and diet. This objective therefore focuses on growth and weight status, nutrients and food consumption and iron deficiency among others.
Main Health Concerns of Healthy People 2010
The healthy people 2010 objectives are tracked down from ten leading indicators of health that reflect the major health concerns. These indicators are obesity and weight, physical fitness, substance abuse, tobacco use, sexual behavior, environmental quality, mental health, immunization, violence and injury and finally the access to quality health care (Vickery, 2010). Since one of the goals is to reduce health disparities, six major factors that result to these differences have been identified. These include; ethnicity, disability, gender, level of education, sexual orientation and geographical location. Among the health concerns that have been given priority by this program include; diabetes, heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, stroke, HIV and cholesterol among others.
Health Areas That Am Most Concerned About
The health areas that I am concerned about are heart disease and stroke. I am concerned about these diseases because one of my cousins is at risk of getting heart disease. Heart disease has been the leading killer disease for all people in the U.S for several years. Disparities for this disease are determined by age, race and gender. The group that is at a higher risk of suffering from heart disease is that which comprises the older people. Disparities resulting from race differences are now declining with the African-Americans being at a higher risk of suffering the disease. According to gender, research has proved that male cases are higher than those of female (Healthy People 2010, p. 3).
Stroke is on the other hand the third leading killer disease. Approximately 600, 000 cases of stroke are reported every year in the U.S. 158,000 of which result to deaths, though this rate has been declining over the past three decades. Death rates are higher in the southeastern region compared to other parts of the United States. Nevertheless, the overall rate of decline is attributed to the improvements and effort made in detecting and treating high blood pressure. High blood pressure has been identified as one of the major leading risk factors for heard disease and stroke (Healthy People 2010, p. 4). Other factors include; high cholesterol levels in the blood, cigarette smoking and over weight. Diabetes and physical inactivity are additional factors reported for heart disease.
The overall goal for “Healthy People 2010” on heart disease and stroke is to improve the health of cardiovascular as well as the value of life through recognition, prevention and treatment of major risk factors; untimely detection and treatment of strokes and heart attacks as well as the prevention of recurring cardiovascular events. The “Healthy People 2010”objectives for heart disease include; reducing deaths that result from heart disease, increasing awareness of heart disease symptoms for adults 20 years and above as well as to reduce the number of adults who are hospitalized (Healthy People 2010, p. 17). “Healthy People 2010” is also determined to increase the number of adults who call 911 when they observe an out-of-hospital heart attack as well as to increase the number of patients who receive artery-opening treatment after one hour of attack. Objectives for stroke include; reduce the number of deaths resulting from stroke as well as to increase awareness of early signs and symptoms of adults aged 20 and above (Healthy People 2010, p. 18).
Healthy People Information Access Project, retrieved on 5 Nov, 2010, from http://phpartners.org/hp/
Healthy People 2010, retrieved from on 5 Nov. 2010 from http://www.healthypeople.gov/document/tableofcontents.htm
Vickery, P. (2010). Healthy People 2010 Report, retrieved on 5 Nov. 2010, from http://www.faqs.org/nutrition/Hea-Irr/Healthy-People-2010-Report.html